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    Philosophical Pessimism or Pessimism is a philosophical stance that tends to emphasize the negative aspects of human existence and the world in general. It is characterized by the belief that life is full of pain and its goal is constant suffering.

    History[edit | edit source]

    Variants[edit | edit source]

    Cultural Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Environmental Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Epistemological Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    In the field of epistemology, there are several theories that take a rather skeptical view, suggesting that gaining knowledge about the world is a complex and sometimes nearly impossible task. These theories often intersect with Nihilism, Philosophical Skepticism, and Relativism.

    Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi examined rationalism, particularly Immanuel Kant's "critical" philosophy, using a reductio ad absurdum argument. He argued that all paths of rationalism eventually lead to nihilism and, therefore, need to be replaced with a return to faith and revelation.

    Richard Rorty, Michel Foucault, and Ludwig Wittgenstein questioned whether our specific concepts can truly and absolutely represent the world. They also explored whether we can logically defend our chosen ways of describing the world in comparison to other approaches. These philosophers generally propose that truth is not merely about correctness or accurately mirroring reality. Instead, they suggest that truth is tied to subjective and socially constructed power dynamics, or what they refer to as "language-games," which serve particular purposes within certain contexts. While not inherently pessimistic, these perspectives reject the notion of having discovered absolute "truths" or foundational facts about the world that apply universally.

    Political Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Psychological Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Technological Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Cosmic Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Defensive Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Economic Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Entropy Pessimism[edit | edit source]

    Afropessimism[edit | edit source]

    Doomerism[edit | edit source]

    Doomerism, also commonly referred to as just Doomer is an aesthetic origination in the late 2010's and early 2020's. The aesthetic involves depressive and nihilistic elements, and commonly includes brutalist architecture from Post-Soviet countries, emphasising it's soulless nature.
    The debate whether Doomerism is an actual movement or just an aesthetic is still up in the air and the creator of this section openly supports the second claim, so expect a whole lotta bias. A large part of those opposing the validity of Doomerism as a movement bring up that in many cases it feels pretentious, and that self-proclaimed "Doomers" aren't actually sad, but pretensiously romanticise suffering for the sake of attention. Supporters of Doomerism being an actual movement bring up it's validity for venting and expressing your feelings online.

    Concepts[edit | edit source]

    Duḥkha[edit | edit source]

    Misanthropy[edit | edit source]

    Misanthropy is the idea of hating the human race or all humans, it can also be portrayed as a semi-dystopian ideology that believes that humans are the downfall of society and all of their actions can be resolved by taking control over the human race. This ideology is also seen in fantasy where there are races other than humans that desire the eradication of the human race (vampires, demons, automutations etc.), they can also be extraterrestrials.

    Promortalism[edit | edit source]

    Promortalism is a philosophical/ethical stance and a social movement which values death over life and anything related with it. Promortalism supports suicide and mass murder and ect. Promortalism as a social movement is not well-known due to its self-destructiveness.

    Radical Evil[edit | edit source]

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    Pessimism is neurotic; very depressed, anxious and never experiences joy. He believes everything good will somehow come to an end and thus dosen't have high hopes.

    How to Draw[edit | edit source]

    Grayscale version[edit | edit source]

    1. Draw a ball
    2. Color it dark grey
    3. Add a thin grey stripe in the middle
    4. Draw two sad eyes

    You are done!... but are you really?

    Color Name HEX RGB
    Dark Grey #424242 66, 66, 66
    Grey #C7C7C7 199, 199, 199

    Relations[edit | edit source]

    (Fr)enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Negative Utilitarianism - You're being negative, but it doesn't bode well for your relationship with me...
    • Nihilism - If it's worth nothing, it's nothing. When there is nothing, it is good.

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    Quotes[edit | edit source]

    “It is difficult to find happiness within oneself, but it is impossible to find it anywhere else.” - Arthur Schopenhauer

    “The universe is the rotting corpse of a God who killed himself.” - Philipp Mainländer

    “Optimism is cowardice.” - Oswald Spengler

    “A First Sign of the Beginning of Understanding is the Wish to Die.” - Franz Kafka

    “But in the end one needs more courage to live than to kill himself.” - Albert Camus

    “Hell is—other people!” - Jean-Paul Sartre

    “I don’t understand why we must do things in this world, why we must have friends and aspirations, hopes and dreams. Wouldn’t it be better to retreat to a faraway corner of the world, where all its noise and complications would be heard no more? Then we could renounce culture and ambitions; we would lose everything and gain nothing; for what is there to be gained from this world?” - Emil Cioran

    “It's too late. We can't win, they've gotten too powerful.” - Abbie Hoffman

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Portraits[edit | edit source]

    Further Information[edit | edit source]

    Wikipedia[edit | edit source]

    Concepts[edit | edit source]

    People[edit | edit source]

    Youtube[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. Cosmic Pessimism by Eugene Thacker
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