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    (Redirected from Archaic Revival)

    This page is about a range of ideas in critical and social theory. For political accelerationism, see the Polcompball Wiki


    The story goes like this: Earth is captured by a technocapital singularity as renaissance rationalization and oceanic navigation lock into commoditization take-off. Logistically accelerating techno-economic interactivity crumbles social order in auto sophisticating machine runaway. As markets learn to manufacture intelligence, politics modernizes, upgrades paranoia, and tries to get a grip. The body count climbs through a series of globewars. Emergent Planetary Commercium trashes the Holy Roman Empire, the Napoleonic Continental System, the Second and Third Reich, and the Soviet International, cranking-up world disorder through compressing phases. Deregulation and the state arms-race each other into cyberspace. By the time soft-engineering slithers out of its box into yours, human security is lurching into crisis. Cloning, lateral genodata transfer, transversal replication, and cyberotics, flood in amongst a relapse onto bacterial sex. Neo-China arrives from the future. Hypersynthetic drugs click into digital voodoo. Retro-disease. Nanospasm.

    Accelerationism is set of ideas across both left-wing and right-wing ideologies, advocating for the rapid intensification of Capitalist growth, technological advancement, and societal disruption to bring about significant social change, often referred to as "acceleration." It includes both left and right variants, with the goal of indefinitely accelerating capitalism and potentially reaching a technological singularity, where technological growth becomes uncontrollable.

    Influenced by thinkers like Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Jean Baudrillard, and Nick Land, accelerationism seeks to analyze and promote the forces driving acceleration in various aspects of society. Originally a concept of the far-left, it has been adopted by right-wing extremists who seek to escalate racial conflicts through violence to establish a white ethnostate.

    While historically tied to industrial economies, accelerationism is now a topic of discussion in debates about Humanism and artificial intelligence. Some advocate for technological progress at any cost, while others see it as an ethical approach to resolving dilemmas posed by AI through further innovation rather than limiting technology.

    History[edit | edit source]

    1st Generation[edit | edit source]

    2nd Generation[edit | edit source]

    3rd Generation[edit | edit source]

    4th Generation[edit | edit source]

    Fourth Generation accelerationism starts after recognisability of e/Acc movement.

    Beliefs[edit | edit source]

    Accelerationism was initially coined by Benjamin Noys in 2010 to describe certain Post-Structuralist thinkers' embrace of unconventional Marxist and counter-Marxist views on capitalist growth. This includes Deleuze, Guattari, Lyotard, and Baudrillard, among others.

    Nick Land is often credited with popularizing accelerationism. He referenced philosophers like Nietzsche and Marx who expressed similar ideas long before the term was coined. Nietzsche advocated for the acceleration of European leveling processes, while Marx saw free trade as hastening social revolution.

    Land argues that unregulated capitalism's exponential growth and self-improvement contribute to the increasing pace of the modern world. He believes participating more in capitalism will foster even greater growth and technological progress. This approach, he claims, is intrinsic to capitalism and impossible for non-capitalist systems.

    Variants[edit | edit source]

    Fisherism[edit | edit source]

    Fisherism is an accelerationist philosophy developed by Mark Fisher, a British cultural critic, theorist, and author known for his work in cultural studies, philosophy, and political theory. Fisher's ideas have been influential in contemporary discussions on capitalism, mental health, and popular culture.

    Capitalist Realism[edit | edit source]

    rework

    Outer Leftism[edit | edit source]

    Outer Rightism[edit | edit source]

    Blaccelerationism[edit | edit source]

    Blaccelerationism, as defined by Aria Dean, is a lens through which to view the coexistence of accelerationism within black radical thought, particularly Afrofuturism and Afropessimism. These perspectives share common concerns about "the future" or its absence, the end of the world, the logic of capital, and both grapple with Humanism. Blaccelerationism takes a long historical view, merging positions where living capital, speculative value, and accumulated time reside in the bodies of black already-inhuman (non)subjects.

    Most directly, the black interrupts and prevents the establishment of a human/capital binary on which left and right might takes sides. The black is always already mutually co-constituting capital and subjecthood simultaneously. The trajectory followed by black people in the New World blurs the line set out by accelerationists between capital and its will and the human agents who are caught in its midst. This is not to say that the black subject fits neatly into the escape pod. On the contrary, it is to say that to speak of transversing or travestying humanism in favor of inhuman capital without recognizing the way in which the black is nothing other than the historical inevitability of this transgression—and has been for some time—circularly reinforces the white humanism these thinkers seeks to disavow.

    Sinoaccelerationism[edit | edit source]

    Neo-China rises from the future. […] The superiority of Far Eastern Marxism. While the Chinese materialist dialectic denegativizes itself in the direction of schizophrenizing systems dynamics, progressively dissipating the historical fate of hierarchies in Tao-soaked special economic zones, a re-Hegelianized Western Marxism degenerates from a critique of political economy into a sympathetic monotheology of power, aligning itself with fascism against deregulation. The left drowns in nationalist conservatism, smothering its vestigial capacity for “hot” speculative mutation in a “cold” and depressive swamp of blame culture.

    Some recent work has tried to recover what it calls ‘Prometheanism’, decoupling the social critique of capitalism from denigrating technology and asserting the power of technology to free us from constraints and contradictions or from modernity. This doctrine is often identified with, or at least closely related to, the notion of ‘accelerationism’. But if such a response to technology and capitalism is applied globally, as if Prometheus was a universal cultural figure, it risks perpetuating a more subtle form of colonialism.

    Yuk Hui

    Sinoaccelerationism, as described through the work of Nick Land, particularly in his text "Meltdown," explores the intertwining of the capitalist surge in the Sino-Pacific with the automated integration of a global economy. The Sinoaccelerationist view is that these phenomena as breaking the "neocolonial" order of the modern metropolis, propelling the deterritorialization of hyperfluid Capital to a planetary state. This process strips the first world of its neocolonial privileges, deteriorates welfare states, and drives neoliberalism into its final stage, releasing "cultural toxins" that further accelerate this melting process in a vicious cycle.

    Land identifies Sinofuturism as a crucial symptom of contemporary times. He posits that the rise of China in the global market represents the 'end of unilateral globalization' or post-modernization. The Chinese model's blend of state and market elements signifies a new phase, a hyperstitious projection of the future now realized in the present through China's ascent. This projection suggests the emergence of true capitalism, which has evolved by discarding outdated elements of European and Western modernity. While the West has "degraded" into a neoliberal state, true capitalism, characterized by significant state involvement, is now emerging from East Asia.

    Left-Accelerationism (L/Acc)[edit | edit source]

    Right-Accelerationism (R/Acc)[edit | edit source]

    Unconditional Accelerationism (U/Acc)[edit | edit source]

    Zero Accelerationism (Z/Acc)[edit | edit source]

    Effective Accelerationism (E/Acc)[edit | edit source]

    Effective Accelerationism, a fusion of Effective Altruism and Accelerationism, is a techno-optimist movement aiming to advance human civilization up the Kardashev scale by maximizing energy usage. E/Acc is grounded in the principles of the second law of thermodynamics, asserting that the universe functions as an optimization process perpetually generating life through continuous expansion. At the heart of this expansion lies technocapital, an unstoppable engine propelling progress in a singular direction. The notion of reversing this progression is deemed implausible.

    According to the laws of physics, the universe naturally favors futures where matter evolves to harness and convert more free energy into even greater energy. This fundamental process underlies the origin of all life, with evolution being just one expression of this principle. A critical system that operates on this principle is technocapital, an intelligence surpassing individual human agency. Humans function as integral components of the technocapital metalifeform, which is driving the creation of the artificial intelligence singularity. This metalifeform dynamically morphs the meta-meta-organism, capturing and utilizing all available environmental utility towards the consumption of free energy and the generation of entropy, as dictated by basic physics.

    Fossil Marxism[edit | edit source]

    Fossil Marxism understands that capitalism creates temporal disparities across a topographical view of energy and material accumulation (tracked via teleoplexy). Time peaks on a topological plane illustrate the inequality of time. Rather than advocating for a flattening or equalizing of time, Fossil Marxism seeks to redirect and redistribute these peaks, emphasizing a shift toward cultural production and a detachment from commodity-centric production.

    Closely aligned with Acid Communism, Fossil Marxism employs the notion of peak oil as a critical lens through which to analyze the ecological repercussions of the reliance on oil. It aligns with accelerationist views, as articulated by Mark Fisher, wherein the trajectory of history is described as a relentless progression guided by an artificial intelligence attractor.

    The core struggle in Fossil Marxism is against the dehumanizing forces of technocapital and the urgent need to address the geotrauma associated with oil and its death drive. It advocates for the production of desires that exist beyond those imposed by capitalism. Acknowledging the inevitability of mortality, Fossil Marxism suggests that the path to that horizon is a plane of immanence filled with pure possibility. In essence, it calls for a transformative engagement with time, energy, and materiality to forge an alternative path that transcends the confines of the current socio-economic paradigm.

    Nyxian Gender Accelerationism[edit | edit source]

    Anarcho-Accelerationism[edit | edit source]

    Anarcho-Accelerationism is a form of Accelerationism that adopts a stateless perspective on patchwork. Patchwork is a social construct that centers around the concept of intangible capital, encompassing human capital (skills and knowledge), relational capital (networks and reputations), and structural capital (organizational infrastructure). These forms of capital rely on information that is not universally known and play a crucial role in the formation and maintenance of social relationships and institutions. The stateless view of patchwork considers it not as fragmented states or city-states, but as decentralized social relationships that foster the development of alternative norms and institutions.

    Archaic Revival[edit | edit source]

    Archaic Revival is a social and political philosophy of the American writer and philosopher Terence McKenna to describe a cultural and artistic movement that seeks to rediscover and incorporate the wisdom, values, and traditions of ancient cultures, particularly those of indigenous people, into modern life.

    The Archaic Revival is based on the idea that modern society has lost touch with the natural world and the spiritual dimensions of human existence, and that by reconnecting with ancient wisdom, we can restore balance and harmony to our lives and the planet. It involves a rejection of the dominant culture's values and a search for alternative ways of living that are more in tune with the rhythms of nature.

    Vikkian Theory[edit | edit source]

    Quotes[edit | edit source]

    Neo-China rises from the future. […] The superiority of Far Eastern Marxism. While the Chinese materialist dialectic denegativizes itself in the direction of schizophrenizing systems dynamics, progressively dissipating the historical fate of hierarchies in Tao-soaked special economic zones, a re-Hegelianized Western Marxism degenerates from a critique of political economy into a sympathetic monotheology of power, aligning itself with fascism against deregulation. The left drowns in nationalist conservatism, smothering its vestigial capacity for “hot” speculative mutation in a “cold” and depressive swamp of blame culture.

    Some recent work has tried to recover what it calls ‘Prometheanism’, decoupling the social critique of capitalism from denigrating technology and asserting the power of technology to free us from constraints and contradictions or from modernity. This doctrine is often identified with, or at least closely related to, the notion of ‘accelerationism’. But if such a response to technology and capitalism is applied globally, as if Prometheus was a universal cultural figure, it risks perpetuating a more subtle form of colonialism.

    Yuk Hui

    Relationship[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    • Marxism - Theoriginalaccelerationist!

    Frenemies[edit | edit source]

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Portraits[edit | edit source]

    Further Information[edit | edit source]

    Wikipedia[edit | edit source]

    Accelerationists[edit | edit source]

    Speeches[edit | edit source]

    Articles[edit | edit source]


    Web Pages[edit | edit source]

    Literature[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. Land during his early years as a philosopher for accelerationism was much more Marxist then he is now, and because he is the father of accelerationism
    2. Although U. Horstmann has not participated in accelerationist discourse, he has explored similar themes.
    3. Fascist accelerationism has little in common with accelerationist theory and appears to be a variant of contemporary far-right futurism. Most canonical and established philosophers of accelerationism reject fascist accelerationism.

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