Create a new article
Write your page title here:
We currently have 401 articles on Philosophyball Wiki. Type your article name above or create one of the articles listed here!

    Philosophyball Wiki

    This article is for a metaphysical stance which rejects the existence of God. For an anti-religious stance which rejects organized religion, see Antitheism.

    “I think that if there were a God, there would be less evil on this earth. I believe that if evil exists here below, then either it was willed by God or it was beyond His powers to prevent it. Now I cannot bring myself to fear a God who is either spiteful or weak. I defy Him without fear and care not a fig for his thunderbolts.”

    Atheism is a metaphysical stance that rejects the existence of God, or any deities. Despite the common misunderstanding, atheism is not necessarily anti-theist.

    History[edit | edit source]

    Europe[edit | edit source]

    Ancient[edit | edit source]

    Modern[edit | edit source]

    Atheism in European philosophy re-emerged in 19th-century with the rise of Enlightenment, Rationalism, and natural science.

    Feuerbach argued that theism's logical conclusion is pantheism, and that pantheism's logical conclusion is atheism. He furthermore argued that Christianity ― along with any religions and the notion of God ― is a mere invention by humanity. Feuerbach's view of God and religion influenced many established atheists, including Stirner, Bakunin, Marx.

    Schopenhauer argued that the universe is fundamentally irrational, and that there is no personal God.

    Beliefs[edit | edit source]

    God[edit | edit source]

    God or gods are not real.

    Science[edit | edit source]

    Science is the opposite of religion because it's not "magic" and is objective (missing the entire point of wonders).

    Church[edit | edit source]

    The church was an invention of the state to control the population and keep them in wrong way.

    Variants[edit | edit source]

    Negative Atheism[edit | edit source]

    Also called weak atheism or soft atheism, is a type of atheism where a person does not believe in the existence of god, but doesn't assert that god doesn't exist. This is also known as agnostic atheism.

    Positive Atheism[edit | edit source]

    Positive atheism (also called strong atheism or hard atheism) is a type of atheism were a person does not believe in the existence of god while positively reject the existence of any sort of deity. A person of this belief is 100% certain that god doesn't exist.

    Christian Atheism[edit | edit source]

    Christian Atheism rejects the theistic beliefs of Christianity but accepts the cultural/ethical/moral aspects of Christianity.

    New Atheism[edit | edit source]

    New Atheism, also Neo-Atheism, was a term coined by the journalist Gary Wolf in 2006 to describe the positions promoted by some atheists of the twenty-first century. This modern-day atheism is advanced by a group of thinkers and writers who advocate the view that superstition, religion and irrationalism should not simply be tolerated but should be countered, criticized, and exposed by rational argument wherever they exert undue influence, such as in government, education, and politics.

    Logo of New Atheism

    New Atheism lends itself to, and often overlaps with, secular humanism and antitheism—most particularly, in its criticism of what many New Atheists regard as the indoctrination of children and the perpetuation of ideologies founded on belief in the supernatural. Some critics of the movement have adopted the pejorative terms "militant atheism" and "fundamentalist atheism" to describe vocal atheists.

    The 2004 publication of The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason by Sam Harris, a bestseller in the United States, was joined over the next couple years by a series of popular best-sellers by atheist authors. Harris was motivated by the events of 11 September 2001, which he laid directly at the feet of Islam, while also directly criticizing Christianity and Judaism. Two years later Harris followed up with Letter to a Christian Nation, which was also a severe criticism of Christianity. Also in 2006, following his television documentary series The Root of All Evil?, Richard Dawkins published The God Delusion, which was on the New York Times best-seller list for 51 weeks.

    In a 2010 column entitled "Why I Don't Believe in the New Atheism", Tom Flynn contends that what has been called "New Atheism" is neither a movement nor new, and that what was new was the publication of atheist material by big-name publishers, read by millions, and appearing on bestseller lists. On 6 November 2015, the New Republic published an article entitled, "Is the New Atheism dead?" The atheist and evolutionary biologist David Sloan Wilson wrote, "The world appears to be tiring of the New Atheism movement." In 2017, PZ Myers who formerly considered himself a new atheist, publicly renounced the New Atheism movement.

    The book The Four Horsemen: The Conversation That Sparked an Atheist Revolution was released in 2019. On 30 September 2007, four prominent atheists (Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens and Daniel Dennett) met at Hitchens' residence in Washington, D.C., for a private two-hour unmoderated discussion. The event was videotaped and titled "The Four Horsemen". During "The God Debate" in 2010 featuring Christopher Hitchens versus Dinesh D'Souza, the men were collectively referred to as the "Four Horsemen of the Non-Apocalypse", an allusion to the biblical Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse from the Book of Revelation. The four have been described as "evangelical atheists". Sam Harris is the author of the bestselling non-fiction books The End of Faith, Letter to a Christian Nation, The Moral Landscape, and Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion, as well as two shorter works, initially published as e-books, Free Will and Lying. Harris is a co-founder of the Reason Project.

    Richard Dawkins is the author of The God Delusion, which was preceded by a Channel 4 television documentary titled The Root of All Evil?. He is the founder of the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science. He wrote: "I don't object to the horseman label, by the way. I'm less keen on 'new atheist': it isn't clear to me how we differ from old atheists."

    Christopher Hitchens was the author of God Is Not Great and was named among the "Top 100 Public Intellectuals" by Foreign Policy and Prospect magazines. In addition, Hitchens served on the advisory board of the Secular Coalition for America. In 2010 Hitchens published his memoir Hitch-22 (a nickname provided by close personal friend Salman Rushdie, whom Hitchens always supported during and following The Satanic Verses controversy). Shortly after its publication, Hitchens was diagnosed with esophageal cancer, which led to his death in December 2011. Before his death, Hitchens published a collection of essays and articles in his book Arguably; a short edition Mortality was published posthumously in 2012. These publications and numerous public appearances provided Hitchens with a platform to remain an astute atheist during his illness, even speaking specifically on the culture of deathbed conversions and condemning attempts to convert the terminally ill, which he opposed as "bad taste".

    Daniel Dennett, author of Darwin's Dangerous Idea, Breaking the Spell and many others, has also been a vocal supporter of The Clergy Project, an organization that provides support for clergy in the US who no longer believe in God and cannot fully participate in their communities any longer. The theologians Jeffrey Robbins and Christopher Rodkey take issue with what they regard as "the evangelical nature of the New Atheism, which assumes that it has a Good News to share, at all cost, for the ultimate future of humanity by the conversion of as many people as possible." They believe they have found similarities between New Atheism and evangelical Christianity and conclude that the all-consuming nature of both "encourages endless conflict without progress" between both extremities. Political philosopher John Gray asserts that "New Atheism", humanism, and 'scientism' are extensions of religion, particularly Christianity.

    Sociologist William Stahl said, "What is striking about the current debate is the frequency with which the New Atheists are portrayed as mirror images of religious fundamentalists." The atheist philosopher of science Michael Ruse has made the claim that Richard Dawkins would fail "introductory" courses on the study of "philosophy or religion" (such as courses on the philosophy of religion), courses which are offered, for example, at many educational institutions such as colleges and universities around the world. Ruse also claims that the movement of New Atheism—which is perceived, by him, to be a "bloody disaster"—makes him ashamed, as a professional philosopher of science, to be among those holding to an atheist position, particularly as New Atheism does science a "grave disservice" and does a "disservice to scholarship" at more general level.

    Paul Kurtz, editor in chief of Free Inquiry, founder of Prometheus Books, was critical of many of the new atheists. He said, "I consider them atheist fundamentalists... They're anti-religious, and they're mean-spirited, unfortunately. Now, there are very good atheists and very dedicated people who do not believe in God. But you have this aggressive and militant phase of atheism, and that does more damage than good". Jonathan Sacks, author of The Great Partnership: Science, Religion, and the Search for Meaning, feels the new atheists miss the target by believing the "cure for bad religion is no religion, as opposed to good religion". He wrote:

    The philosopher Massimo Pigliucci contends that the new atheist movement overlaps with scientism, which he finds to be philosophically unsound. He writes: "What I do object to is the tendency, found among many New Atheists, to expand the definition of science to pretty much encompassing anything that deals with 'facts', loosely conceived..., it seems clear to me that most of the New Atheists (except for the professional philosophers among them) pontificate about philosophy very likely without having read a single professional paper in that field.... I would actually go so far as to charge many of the leaders of the New Atheism movement (and, by implication, a good number of their followers) with anti-intellectualism, one mark of which is a lack of respect for the proper significance, value, and methods of another field of intellectual endeavor."

    Atheist professor Jacques Berlinerblau has criticised the New Atheists' mocking of religion as being inimical to their goals and claims that they have not achieved anything politically. Roger Scruton has extensively criticized New Atheism on various occasions, generally on the grounds that they do not consider the social effects and impacts of religion in enough detail. He has said, "Look at the facts in the round and it seems likely that humans without a sense of the sacred would have died out long ago. For that same reason, the hope of the new atheists for a world without religion is probably as vain as the hope for a society without aggression or a world without death." He has also complained of the New Atheists' idea that they must "set people free from religion", calling it "naive" because they "never consider that they might be taking something away from people."

    Dawkinsism[edit | edit source]

    Dawkinsism is a philosophy of Richard Dawkins.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    Is your average hedonist teenager thinking they're smarter than anyone else, is also very lazy and spends his time watching anime, playing videogames, watching YouTube and other stuff the entire day.

    How to Draw[edit | edit source]


    Relationship[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    • Enlightenment - I would never have been this much successful without you.
    • Sadism - Religion is a lie.
    • Stirnerism - Religion is a spook.
    • Marxism - Religion is an opium of the people.

    Frenemies[edit | edit source]

    • Charvaka - We are both atheistic but you still believe in a lot of mystical stuff.
    • Lunheng - Son of Conf-Tao who's similar to me, but you are closer to deism.
    • Atheistic Satanism - If you don't believe in Gods, you don't really need to worship Satan.
    • Pantheism - I guess you are better than monotheism... just maybe.
    • Antitheism - Not all of us are anti-theist, though there are anti-theists who believe in the existence of God.

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Further Information[edit | edit source]

    Wikipedia[edit | edit source]

    1. Despite misunderstandings, he had admitted several times that he is agnostic.
    2. Dawkins's views on religion mostly came from Bertrand Russell when he read his book "Why I Am Not a Christian" for the first time while at Oundle.
    Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

    Recent changes

  • 鹵豆腐象徵 • 7 minutes ago
  • Q4Kaos • 39 minutes ago
  • Q4Kaos • 43 minutes ago
  • Q4Kaos • 43 minutes ago
  • Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.