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    "The egoist in the absolute sense is not the man who sacrifices others. He is the man who stands above the need of using others in any manner. He does not function through them. He is not concerned with them in any primary matter. Not in his aim, not in his motive, not in his thinking, not in his desires, not in the source of his energy. He does not exist for any other man—and he asks no other man to exist for him. This is the only form of brotherhood and mutual respect possible between men."

    Egoism also known as Philosophical Egoism is a philosophy that focuses on the self (ego) as the main driver and goal of one's actions. Theories of egoism can be divided into two types: descriptive, which observe that people act in self-interest, and normative, which argue that people should act in self-interest. Some definitions of egoism highlight acting according to one's will rather than self-interest, suggesting this as the truer form of egoism.

    Egoism suggests that it is natural and necessary for people to love themselves, as they are responsible for their own well-being; pleasure, personal development, and power are typically desirable. Egoist philosophy often critiques the moral condemnation of self-interest, viewing such judgments as means of control linked to power dynamics. Egoism may also reject the idea that external insights (like those from psychology or sociology) can fully understand one's internal motivations, though this view is not shared by all, such as Friedrich Nietzsche.

    History[edit | edit source]

    The term "egoism" comes from the Latin word "Ego" meaning self. Ideologically, the concept of egoism was theorized by the German philosopher Max Stirner, one of whose famous works is "The Unique and His Property" dating from 1844. In modern society, "egoism" is often used as a term of abuse denoting morality, the condemned quality of arrogance. Egoism can also be used to denote solipsism-like ideas according to which the individual is the only thing that exists.

    Beliefs[edit | edit source]

    Egoism comes in various forms, all centering on self-interest as a fundamental aspect of human behavior. Psychological egoism asserts that all motivations, even seemingly altruistic ones, ultimately serve one's self-interest. In contrast, biological egoism focuses on motivations rooted in reproductive self-interest. Selfish gene theory posits that genetic information drives human behavior in its own interest.

    Normative egoism argues that individuals should prioritize their own interests, with rational egoism suggesting this as a pragmatic choice and ethical egoism framing it as a moral imperative. Conditional egoism, a consequentialist form, holds that egoism is morally justified if it leads to acceptable outcomes.

    Variants[edit | edit source]

    Ethical Egoism [edit | edit source]

    Ethical Egoism believes it is moral or ethical to act in one’s own self-interest. This of course sets it apart from Max Stirner’s interpretation of egoism as Stirner rejected the very idea of morality.

    Benevolent Egoism[edit | edit source]

    Benevolent Egoism is a variant of Egoism; it is a descriptive form of egoism that argues that one's ego is pleased by helping or being friendly to other people. The ego sees itself as important but also wants to help and care for others.

    Dialectical Egoism[edit | edit source]

    Dialectical Egoism, coined by John F. Welsh in his interpretation of Max Stirner's egoist philosophy, suggests that egoism is fundamentally dialectical. Normative egoism, like Stirner's perspective, does not necessarily reject the idea that certain modes of behavior should be valued more than others, such as non-restriction and autonomy. However, opposing theories may advocate for egoistic domination of others.

    Egoist Aesthetics[edit | edit source]

    Criticism[edit | edit source]

    Related philosophies: Altruism, Collectivism

    Criticism of Egoism or Anti-Egoism critizes Egoist philosophy. Anti-egoists advocates selflessness ang self-denial, caring only for others and not for oneself.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    How to Draw[edit | edit source]

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    The Unique[edit | edit source]

    • Himself - Unique above all.

    Union of Egoists[edit | edit source]

    Frenemies[edit | edit source]

    • Benevolent Egoism - Commitment to self-interest is good, but be wary of your attachment to others.

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Altruism - Literally weakness and servility as an ideology. Mutual aid is nonsense, everyone should help themselves. How did we manage to have a child together?
    • Non-Self - Individuality is the main perspective, the outside world is an illusion - You are literally suicidal!

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