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    "In vain, therefore, should we pretend to determine any single event, or infer any cause or effect, without the assistance of observation and experience."

    Empiricism is an epistemological position that holds that knowledge is gained primarily through sensory experiences, rather than through innate ideas or reasoning ( Rationalism). Empiricists believe that all knowledge is based on observations and experiences of the physical world, and that the mind is initially a blank slate, or tabula rasa, at birth.

    Beliefs[edit | edit source]

    According to empiricists, knowledge is built up through experience, and our perceptions of the world are the only source of reliable knowledge. Empiricists seek to reject any knowledge that is not directly gained from experience, such as innate knowledge or a priori reasoning.

    The most notable empiricist philosophers are from the Great Britain, including John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume. Locke, in his "Essay Concerning Human Understanding," argued that all knowledge comes from sensory experience and that the mind is a blank slate that is gradually filled with ideas through experience. Berkeley, in his "Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge," argued that all knowledge is ultimately derived from our perceptions of the world, and that objects only exist insofar as they are perceived by a conscious mind. Hume, in his "Treatise of Human Nature," further developed the empiricist position by arguing that all knowledge is based on sense impressions and that there can be no knowledge of causal connections between events.

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    • Realism - Everything about reality can be known through observation and experience.
    • Scientific Realism - Same as above, but with an emphasis on using scientific research.
    • Naïve Realism - You have the best aspects of me and the above two.
    • Naturalism - The natural world is one that we live in and can study the easiest.
    • Pragmatism - Who needs to come up with these complex ideas when you have the tried and true methods?

    Frenemies[edit | edit source]

    • Rationalism - Did you learn what you say from experience?
    • Mysticism - You have a great sense of imagination and often observe the world around you, which brings you closer to me than him. But you should still be open to science.
    • Positivism - We both agree on using evidence and observation to help gain understanding of the world. But think that you’re too hostile towards these people.

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