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    "A humanist has four leading characteristics — curiosity, a free mind, belief in good taste, and belief in the human race."

    Humanism is a philosophical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of the human species, both individually and collectively. Humanism is non-dogmatic and open-ended. The meaning of the term humanism has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements that have identified with it. Generally, however, humanism is the belief that human beings are the source of meaning and values. Humanists see humanity as having the capacity for continued growth and development, and they affirm some notion of human freedom and progress. Humanism views humanity as responsible for the promotion and development of individuals, espouses the equal and inherent dignity of all human beings, and emphasizes a concern for humans with the world. In practice, humanist philosophy advocates for the equal treatment of all people, regardless of race, ethnic background, sex, gender, religion, or nationality.

    History[edit | edit source]

    Proto-Humanism[edit | edit source]

    The origins of Humanism trace back to ancient Greece. Later on, these ideas moved to Rome. Philosopher Socrates spent a lot questioning the religion(s) practiced in ancient Greece. Socrates spent scientific thinking into digging the truth of religion and ethics. Of course, while this angered the local population and the elites, and he was sentenced to death for blasphemy, his systematic questioning led many of his students such as Plato and Aristotle to take on after him, examining and justifying the truth before we can accept it as a fact. Aristotle explored a lot of topics about the human being, such as deism, rationality, eudaimonia, etc. He wanted to explore what gave humans potential.

    Humanism was pervasive in Greek art. It helped create a central focus on anthropologic art. He deeply misses the Renaissance as well.

    The Renaissance[edit | edit source]

    The modern founding of Humanism was developed by poet and scholar Francesco Petrarca in the 14th century, who was believed to be the modern founder of the philosophy. While it was founded as a secular movement, Petrarca was very devout to Catholicism.

    After his death, Humanism, at the time as "renaissance Humanism" or "traditional Humanism" was defined as a broad cultural movement reviving a set of classical texts and ideologies from the Roman and Greek times. It spread across all of Italy and later the rest of Europe, originating from Tuscany.

    Beliefs[edit | edit source]

    Human Dignity[edit | edit source]

    Humanists believe in the inherent dignity and worth of every individual. They emphasize the importance of treating people with respect, valuing their autonomy, and recognizing the unique qualities that make eachperson valuable.

    Reason and Science [edit | edit source]

    Humanists champion the use of reason, critical thinking, and the scientific method as reliable tools for understanding the world. They advocate for evidence-based decision-making and reject superstition, dogma, and irrational beliefs.

    Ethical Conduct[edit | edit source]

    Humanists often adhere to ethical principles that prioritize human well-being and happiness. The emphasis is on ethical behavior rooted in compassion, empathy, and a sense of responsibility toward others.

    Secularism[edit | edit source]

    Humanism tends to support secularism, advocating for the separation of church and state. Humanists argue that public policies should be based on reason and evidence rather than religious doctrines.

    Human Rights[edit | edit source]

    Humanists are strong advocates for human rights. They support the idea that all individuals should enjoy fundamental rights and freedoms, irrespective of factors such as gender, race, religion, or sexual orientation.

    Social Justice[edit | edit source]

    Humanists often align with social justice causes, working toward creating a more equitable and just society. They aim to address issues such as poverty, discrimination, and inequality to improve the overall well-being of humanity.

    Education[edit | edit source]

    Humanists place a high value on education as a means of fostering critical thinking, intellectual curiosity, and a broad understanding of the world. They believe that education is essential for personal development and societal progress.

    Art and Culture[edit | edit source]

    Humanists appreciate and promote the arts and culture as expressions of the human experience. They see artistic and cultural endeavors as contributing to a rich and meaningful life.

    Environmental Stewardship[edit | edit source]

    Many humanists emphasize the importance of environmental responsibility and sustainability. They recognize the interconnectedness of humanity and the natural world, advocating for practices that preserve the environment for future generations.

    Personal Fulfillment[edit | edit source]

    Humanists encourage individuals to seek personal fulfillment and happiness in this life. They reject the idea of sacrificing the present for the promise of rewards in an afterlife.

    Global Citizenship[edit | edit source]

    Humanists often embrace the idea of global citizenship, promoting understanding and cooperation among people of different cultures and backgrounds. They emphasize shared humanity and the need for international collaboration.

    Variants[edit | edit source]

    Secular Humanism[edit | edit source]

    Secular Humanism begins with atheism (absence of belief in a deity) and agnosticism or skepticism (epistemological caution that rejects the transcendent as such due to a lack of evidence). Because no transcendent power will save us, secular humanists maintain that humans must take responsibility for themselves. While atheism is a necessary condition for secular humanism, it is not a sufficient one. Far from living in a moral vacuum, secular humanists “wish to encourage wherever possible the growth of moral awareness and the capacity for free choice and an understanding of the consequences thereof.”

    Secular humanism emerges, then, as a comprehensive nonreligious life stance that incorporates a naturalistic philosophy, a cosmic outlook rooted in science, and a consequentialist ethical system.[1]

    Religious Humanism [edit | edit source]

    Religious Humanism is a form of humanism that applies humanistic ethical philosophies on religious principles rather than secular principles. Religious humanism is sometimes referred to as non-theistic religion or congregational humanism. Other theistic humanist traditions have arisen over time, such as Christian humanism formulated by Christian philosophers like Jacques Maritain, and Islamic humanism thanks to philosophers like Fazlur Rahman.

    Some Religious Humanist organizations and religions that include significant numbers of members and clergy who identify as humanists:

    • The Humanist Society – This organization has its roots in the Quaker tradition but today is not exclusively tied to that tradition
    • The Objector Church – Founded in 2018 as an interfaith religious humanist community.
    • The Satanic Temple – TST is a non-theistic religion. Its seven tenets espouse humanist values, and the overwhelming majority of TST members identify as humanists.
    • Unitarian Universalists – As many as half or more of UU congregations identify themselves as humanists when surveyed. Humanist UU's are represented by the UU Humanist Association (HUUmanists)
    • Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) – Groups within the Quaker communities that hold a humanist perspective include Nontheist Friends
    • Judaism – see Humanistic Judaism, Reconstructionist Judaism
    • Buddhist – see Humanistic Buddhism
    • Christian

    Transhumanism[edit | edit source]

    See here Transhumanism

    Pan-Humanism[edit | edit source]

    Pan-humanism is the concept of an affiliation with humankind through some sort of legislative structure that allows all technological and economic development to be for the benefit of the people. This co-insides with the idea of a world government, which would serve as a common political authority for all humanity, such as the idea of World Federalism.

    Humanistic Capitalism[edit | edit source]

    Humanistic Capitalism is a concept that seeks to unite humanism, specifically the safety and health needs of people and the environment, with market forces and a market-based economy. It is often seen as a middle ground between the ideas of modern capitalism and democratic socialism.

    Sociological Humanism[edit | edit source]

    Marxist Humanism[edit | edit source]

    See here: Marxist Humanism

    WIP

    Eco-Humanism[edit | edit source]

    Eco-Humanism is a version of humanism that advocates for environmental ethics. Andrew Brennan was an advocate of ecologic humanism (eco-humanism), the argument that all ontological entities, animate and inanimate, can be given ethical worth purely on the basis that they exist.

    New Humanism[edit | edit source]

    Radical Humanism[edit | edit source]

    WIP

    Sarkarian Neo-Humanism[edit | edit source]

    WIP

    How to Draw[edit | edit source]

    Flag of Humanism
    1. Draw a ball
    2. Fill the ball with white
    3. Draw a black humanism symbol in the center

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    • Atheism & Agnosticism - You're kinda the central point of my philosophy.
    • Rationalism & Scientism - Human reason and science must prevail.
    • Materialism - Secular humanists endorse this as their metaphysical worldview!
    • Democracy - The democratic process matters.
    • Liberalism - Usually the supporters of my philosophy.
    • Aristotelianism - "About the gods, I am able to know neither that they exist nor that they do not exist nor of what kind they are in the form: for many things prevent me from knowing this, its obscurity and the brevity of man's life".
    • Transhumanism - Humanity must be improved.
    • Altruism - Every human, regardless of their background, deserves to have their basic needs covered.
    • Feminism - Both genders are equal.
    • Buddhism - The Buddha was believed to be a religious humanist.

    Frenemies[edit | edit source]

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Anti-Humanism - I'm not a ″reverse theocracy″ nor an empty figure of speech, and you´re just a misanthropic totalitarian edgelord!
      • I! AM! NOT! A! MISANTHROPE! But still, your interpretations of a "fixed humanity" or "natural rights" are pseudo-theocracy bullshit. Also there is nothing wrong with misanthropy.
    • Misanthropy - I believe you have lost your faith in Humanity.
    • Stirnerism - I'm not a pious atheist.
    • Scholasticism - I beat you during the age of enlightenment!
    • Nihilism - Why do you deny values?

    Quotes[edit | edit source]

    Proto-Humanism[edit | edit source]

    Do not do to others what you would not like for yourself.

    Confucius, Analects, C 500 BCE

    The Renaissance[edit | edit source]

    Modern[edit | edit source]

    Further Information[edit | edit source]

    Wikipedia[edit | edit source]

    Books/Literature[edit | edit source]

    Videos[edit | edit source]

    Websites & Online Communities[edit | edit source]

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Portraits[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    Navigation[edit | edit source]


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