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    Post-Structuralism is a philosophy that questions the stability and objectivity of interpretive structures proposed by structuralism, seeing them as shaped by broader systems of power. Post-structuralists criticize structuralism for assuming self-sufficiency and relying on binary oppositions. They reject the idea of interpreting media or the world within pre-established structures. Structuralism suggests that human culture follows a structure akin to language, with concrete reality, abstract ideas, and a mediator between them. Post-structuralist critique argues that assuming fixed definitions and the author's detachment from these structures is flawed. Post-structuralists like Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, and Jean Baudrillard challenge structuralist notions while building upon its ideas about reality and signs.

    Beliefs[edit | edit source]

    Deconstruction[edit | edit source]

    Post-structuralists, particularly Jacques Derrida, emphasize deconstruction as a method for analyzing texts and discourses. Deconstruction involves closely examining the underlying assumptions and binary oppositions within a text to reveal its inherent contradictions and complexities. By deconstructing texts, post-structuralists aim to challenge the idea of fixed meaning and uncover the multiplicity of interpretations and perspectives that texts contain. Through deconstruction, post-structuralists reveal the ways in which language is always in flux and meaning is contingent upon context and interpretation.

    Power and Discourse[edit | edit source]

    Post-structuralists, following the work of Michel Foucault, emphasize the relationship between power and discourse. Foucault argues that power operates not only through direct coercion but also through the production and regulation of knowledge and discourse. Post-structuralists explore how language and discourse are used to shape social norms, institutions, and subjectivities, influencing what is considered true or false, normal or abnormal. By analyzing the ways in which power operates through discourse, post-structuralists seek to uncover the hidden mechanisms of power and challenge dominant narratives and ideologies.

    Anti-Essentialism and Relational Identity[edit | edit source]

    Post-structuralists reject essentialist notions of identity and instead emphasize the contingent and relational nature of subjectivity. Rather than viewing identity as fixed or inherent, post-structuralists argue that identity is constructed through social and linguistic practices and is always in flux. Post-structuralists challenge the idea of universal or essential truths, highlighting the diversity and complexity of human experience. By emphasizing the relational nature of identity, post-structuralists aim to destabilize dominant narratives and hierarchies, opening up space for alternative perspectives and voices.

    Critique of Binary Oppositions[edit | edit source]

    Post-structuralists critique the reliance on binary oppositions within structuralist thought, arguing that such oppositions often oversimplify complex phenomena and obscure alternative perspectives. They contend that binary oppositions, such as good/evil, male/female, or nature/culture, are not natural or inherent but are instead socially constructed and historically contingent. Post-structuralists seek to deconstruct these binary oppositions to reveal the ways in which they reinforce power dynamics and hierarchies, limiting our understanding of the world and perpetuating systems of oppression.

    Textuality and Intertextuality[edit | edit source]

    Post-structuralists emphasize the textual nature of reality, arguing that meaning is constructed through language and discourse. They explore the ways in which texts (broadly defined to include not only written texts but also visual, auditory, and performative forms of communication) are interconnected and interdependent, shaping and reshaping one another through processes of intertextuality. Post-structuralists challenge the idea of originality or authorial intention, instead highlighting the ways in which texts are always in dialogue with other texts, influencing and being influenced by larger cultural and historical contexts.

    Subjectivity as Process[edit | edit source]

    Post-structuralists reconceptualize subjectivity as a dynamic and ongoing process rather than a fixed or stable entity. They argue that subjectivity is not something that individuals possess but is instead produced and enacted through social and linguistic practices. Post-structuralists explore the ways in which subjectivities are constructed and contested within discursive formations, highlighting the role of power in shaping individual and collective identities. By emphasizing the fluid and contingent nature of subjectivity, post-structuralists challenge essentialist notions of the self and open up possibilities for alternative modes of being and becoming.

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    Neutral[edit | edit source]

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Idealism - A basis for ontology is complete nonsense.
    • Materialism - Same with you.
    • Positivism - Same with you.
    • Humanism - The human is an artificial concept.
    • Post-Structuralism - I am an artificial concept.
      • - Stop being so negative on yourself son.
    • Essentialism - Pretty much the main problem I have with Structuralism. You're an outdated concept.

    Further Information[edit | edit source]

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    References[edit | edit source]

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