"All desirable things...are desirable either for the pleasure inherent in themselves, or as means to the promotion of pleasure and the prevention of pain."
Utilitarianism is principally a moral philosophy but when applied to politics it is a non-quadrant socially-left and globalist ideology. Utilitarianism wants to maximize the well-being and happiness of everyone globally. Utilitarianism wants to maximize utility, which is often defined in terms of well-being. Utilitarianism is a version of Consequentialism, which states that the consequences of any action are the only standard of right and wrong. Unlike other forms of Consequentialism, such as Egoism and Altruism, utilitarianism considers the interests of all sentient beings equally.
Variants[edit | edit source]
Classical Utilitarianism[edit | edit source]
Classical utilitarianism is the view that one morally ought to promote just the sum total of happiness over suffering.
Act and Rule Utilitarianism[edit | edit source]
Act utilitarianism evaluates the morality of each individual action based on its consequences. According to this approach, an action is morally right if it produces the greatest amount of overall happiness or utility for the greatest number of people affected by the action. Act utilitarianism emphasizes the importance of considering the specific circumstances and potential outcomes of each individual action when making ethical decisions.
Rule utilitarianism, on the other hand, focuses on evaluating the morality of actions based on general rules or principles rather than individual acts. According to rule utilitarianism, an action is morally right if it conforms to a rule that, if followed consistently, would lead to the greatest overall happiness or utility. This approach places emphasis on the importance of having a set of rules that, when universally applied, would maximize overall happiness.
Preference Utilitarianism[edit | edit source]
Preference utilitarianism is a variant of utilitarianism that places emphasis on maximizing the satisfaction of individual preferences or desires. It considers the overall well-being of individuals by prioritizing the fulfillment of their personal preferences rather than solely focusing on happiness or pleasure.
Negative Utilitarianism[edit | edit source]
Negative utilitarianism can be described as the view that people should minimize the total amount of aggregate suffering, or that they should minimize suffering and then, secondarily, maximize the total amount of happiness. It can be considered as a version of utilitarianism that gives greater priority to reducing suffering (negative utility or 'disutility') than to increasing pleasure (positive utility).
Personality[edit | edit source]
Utilitarianism always wants the best for everyone.
Relations[edit | edit source]
Friends[edit | edit source]
- Moral Universalism - If it can feel happiness, it has moral worth.
- John Stuart Mill - One of my most famous advocates.
Frenemies[edit | edit source]
- Hedonism - Why do you only care about your own happiness?
Enemies[edit | edit source]
- Egoism - You only care about yourself.
Quotes[edit | edit source]
"The question is not, Can they reason? nor, Can they talk? but, Can they suffer?" — Jeremy Bentham
"Granted that any practice causes more pain to animals than it gives pleasure to man; is that practice moral or immoral? And if, exactly in proportion as human beings raise their heads out of the slough of selfishness, they do not with one voice answer 'immoral', let the morality of the principle of utility be for ever condemned." — John Stuart Mill
"We have next to consider who the 'all' are, whose happiness is to be taken into account. Are we to extend our concern to all the beings capable of pleasure and pain whose feelings are affected by our conduct? or are we to confine our view to human happiness? The former view is the one adopted by Bentham and Mill, and (I believe) by the Utilitarian school generally: and is obviously most in accordance with the universality that is characteristic of their principle … it seems arbitrary and unreasonable to exclude from the end, as so conceived, any pleasure of any sentient being." — Henry Sidgwick
"The racist violates the principle of equality by giving greater weight to the interests of members of his own race, when there is a clash between their interests and the interests of those of another race. Similarly the speciesist allows the interests of his own species to override the greater interests of members of other species. The pattern is the same in each case … Most human beings are speciesists." — Peter Singer
Further Info[edit | edit source]
Wikipedia[edit | edit source]
Literature[edit | edit source]
- An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham
- Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill